Brazilian Coffee Beans – Guide For The True Coffee Connoisseur!

Brazilian Coffee Beans – Guide For The True Coffee Connoisseur!

Brazil is the world’s biggest coffee producing country, contributing about 30% to all of the world’s coffee.

The country has a reputation for producing a wide variety of different quality coffees, ranging from beans grown at lower elevations, to the specialty high-altitude beans.

No matter what kind of coffee drinker you are, Brazilian coffee beans have a lot to offer, with their smooth, mild taste and complexity of flavor.

Brazilian coffee is found in most coffee blends, due to it’s ability to round out more bold coffee flavors. However, there is a lot to Brazilian coffee beans that you might not expect.

History Of Brazilian Coffee Beans

delicious brazilian coffee in mug

The coffee plant was introduced to Brazil in the 18th century, and was initially intended for domestic consumption.

While the original coffee planters might not have intended for the plant to become widely distributed, by the late 18th century, it had spread all the way to Rio de Janeiro.

From there, plantations began to arise, where the Brazilian coffee beans were mass produced. By the 19th century, Brazil had already begun to represent 20% of the world’s production of coffee. Plantations in the country now take up an area the size of Belgium.

Traditionally, Brazilian coffee has been regarded as low, everyday quality. The flavor of Brazilian coffee makes for easy drinking; however, it has been historically shunned by connoisseurs.

In fact, Brazilian coffee beans can be found in most supermarket-grade instant coffees. Things are changing, however.

The Brazilian government is trying to boost interest in their coffee, by marketing the country as a producer of specialty, high quality beans.

In fact, certified organic and fair trade Brazilian coffees are becoming extremely common.

Regions Of Brazil Coffee Beans

There are a number of prime coffee growing regions in Brazil, and each confer a particular characteristic on the beans it produces. Certain regions are affected by microclimates, which have an amazing effect on the quality of coffee that can be produced.

Here’s a rundown of the main coffee growing regions of Brazil, and the characteristics of the coffee beans they produce.

Sao Paulo

Sao Paulo is one of more historical Brazilian coffee beans producing states. The Port of Santos, which is Brazil’s main coffee exporting port, is located here.

Mild temperatures and optimal altitudes mean that the coffee produced here is extremely balanced, with sweet notes, and a well rounded flavor profile.

There are coffee producing regions within Sao Paulo, some nestled high above sea level, and some are home to many small farms across hilly landscapes.

Minas Gerais

Translating to “General Mines,” Minas Gerais is the largest coffee growing state in all of Brazil, and produces around 50% of the country’s Brazilian coffee beans.

With a consistent climate, a lot of Brazil’s specialty coffee is produced here, within its many regions.

Sul de Minas is a high altitude region of Minas Gerais, and produces 30% of the total coffee production of Brazil, within its numerous small farms. Coffee from Sul de Minas is generally full bodied, with fruity notes.

The region of Cerrade de Minas is considered to be one of the finest coffee producing regions, spreading across Minas Gerais with large farms and estates.

The humid summers and dry winters, which are characteristic of this region, means that the coffee produced here is of special quality, with a higher acidity and fuller body than other regions.

The two other main regions within Minas Gerais are Chapada de Minas and Matas de Minas. With their undulating landscapes and humid climates, these regions produce sweet flavors, with caramel and chocolate notes in their coffee.

Bahia

Bahia is located in the northeast part of Brazil, and is the baby of the established coffee producing regions.

Having started cultivation in the 1970’s, it has since become famous for the quality of the Brazilian coffee beans produced, and the technology used to produced them.

The region uses irrigation to ripen the cherries, giving it a high yield each year. Coffee is harvested mechanically, which results in a highly efficient production process.

The high altitudes and warm climate enriches the beans with a sweetness, full body, and low acidity. In fact, the quality and characteristics of this region has resulted in award-winning coffee.

Types Of Coffee Produced In Brazil

brazilian coffee brands to enjoy

As Brazil coffee plantations are located mostly in low altitude regions, arabica coffee beans tend to dominate. However, Brazil is also known for robusta beans.

Robusta beans are grown towards the northern parts of Brazil, where the flat terrain and hotter climate produce the lower quality beans.

Arabica, however, is grown in the higher altitudes, and accounts for over 80% of the coffee production in Brazil.

Processing Of Brazilian Coffee Beans

Coffee in Brazil is naturally processed, often using a process called “dry processing”. The process involves using the whole cherries, which are dried in the sun after harvest, for up to four weeks.

This part of the process is the most important part, and once the cherries meet optimal moisture standards, they are hulled and bagged to be sold.

Comparing Brazilian Coffee Beans To Other Coffees Of The World

Compared to other coffees of the world, Brazilian coffee is known for being mild, and easy to drink.

Other countries, such as Africa or Asia-Pacific, produce coffees with bold flavors that pack a punch.

Brazilian coffee is much more well-rounded, and is often used in blends to balance the flavors of these bolder coffees.

Where Asia-Pacific coffees are steeped in spices, and African coffees are more citrusy and floral, Brazilian coffee is full of warm, chocolaty notes.

Conclusion

Brazilian coffee has its roots in history, and the country is the world’s largest exporter of coffee.

The next time you go out for coffee, sample one of Brazil’s coffees and be sure to note the mildness and flavor that the region is famous for.

Where Brazil coffee was once cheap and low quality, there are many offerings from the country that are sure to please any kind of coffee fan, from casual drinkers to connoisseurs.

Comments are closed.