Category: Educational

Can Altitude Affect The Taste Of Coffee Beans?

Can Altitude Affect The Taste Of Coffee Beans?

Topography plays a key role in determining the taste of coffee. One facet that greatly influences the quality and taste of coffee is altitude.

When deciding on a type of coffee, the height at which the plant is grown is among the key factors that traders put into consideration. Different types of coffees are grown in high altitudes, while others in low altitudes.

How Coffee Changes With Altitude

coffee

Coffee beans growing at higher elevation of 4000 feet above sea level and higher are usually hard and dense, as compared to those growing at lower elevations below 4000 feet, which produce soft coffee beans.

The hard, dense coffee beans are high quality, seeing as they hold a higher sugar concentration. Beans with a high concentration of sugars bring out the sought after and more distinct flavors.

A number of factors contribute to the higher sugar concentration in higher elevations. For example, plants grown at high altitudes are characterized by harsh growing conditions.

The beans, therefore, take longer to grow, hence providing time for them to mature and develop a higher sugar content.

The low temperatures at night also lead to increased acidity, which contributes to the production of more sugars. The quick drainage downhill also reduces the amount of water the coffee plant absorbs, hence influencing the size of the cherries.

Again, higher elevations lessen the possibility of the spread of disease to coffee plants. Coffee growing in lower elevations have better growing conditions, so they grow and ripen quicker. The quick growth and maturation is responsible for the relatively lower quality of coffee.

From the mild and sweet taste qualities of a low-grown Brazilian coffee bean (growing between 2000-4000 feet) to the elevated Ethiopian bean (grown at around 6000 feet), elevation increases a coffee’s capability to provide larger varietal gradation and intricacy.

Lower growing elevations also signifies that the acidity of Brazil coffees is comparatively low. If you want to learn more about Brazilian coffee brands, check out our detailed article.

Exceptions For Lower Altitude Coffee Beans

Even though the world’s best coffees are found at elevations of at least 4000 feet, some rare exceptions exist. For instance, the renowned Hawaiian Kona is so far north of the equator, that it is impossible to be grown at altitudes higher than 2000 feet in that area.

Some coffee plants are grown at lower elevations, but still mature and develop slowly. The conditions for their growth are also harsh, therefore they grow slowly, with quality as high as high-grown coffee.

Conclusion

Geography has great influence on the taste and quality of coffee. High grown coffee yields high-quality beans, from the harsh conditions and slower rate of growth.

Low-grown coffee, on the other hand, matures faster and produces lower quality coffee. There are, however, exceptions where latitudes close to the poles produce high-quality beans at lower elevations.

Make Sure To Try These 3 Varieties Of Coffee

Make Sure To Try These 3 Varieties Of Coffee

If you walk into any store, you will find a variety of coffee brands from different parts of the world, which makes it difficult to choose the best brand.

However, choosing coffee by the region it is grown in is one of the proven ways of finding the best coffee. Regional factors such as climatic conditions, altitudes above sea level, and other unique regional growing conditions affect the taste and quality of coffee beans.

In fact, the taste of the same coffee species grown in different regions varies greatly depending on sun exposure, precipitation, and soil composition.

#1. Kenyan Coffee

Rated as one of the top 5 best coffee varieties in the world, Kenyan coffee has a distinct bright taste, with complex tones of berry and fruit. This coffee is bold, with a full or medium body.

They are wet processed, resulting in potent sweetness, powerful character, exhibiting intense flavors with a winey richness and dry aftertaste. A quality Kenyan coffee is vibrant, and not delicate or subtle.

Kenyan coffee is grown in areas between 1400-2000 meters above sea level, in the areas surrounding Mt. Kenya and the Aberdare Range. The characteristic of the area where the coffee is grown makes it qualify for Strictly High Grown (SHG) status.

#2. Brazilian Coffee

enjoy brazilian mug of joe!

The most well-known coffee in the world, Brazilian coffee, is mostly high grown coffee. Brazil is the biggest exporter of coffee, supplying about 1/3 of the world’s coffee. Most high-quality Brazilian coffee blends are from either Brazil Cerrado or Bourbon Santos.

The top Brazilian coffees have a relatively low acidity, and exhibit a nutty sweet flavor. Most unroasted Brazil coffee beans are dry processed, but the Bourbon Santos coffee is wet processed.

However, the biggest attribute that makes Brazil coffee popular is its friendly price. This kind of coffee is used as a key component of a blend.

#3. Ethiopian Coffee

Ethiopia is the native home of coffee. The coffee is known for its complexity, distinct acidity wildness, and winery quality. Ethiopian coffee is usually sold by regions that include Yirgacheffe, Sidamo, and Harrar.

The top coffee blends include the Ethiopian Djimmah coffee (grown from 4400-6000 feet above sea level), Ethiopian Limu coffee (which grows from 3600 to 6200 feet above sea level), Ghimbi, lekemti, and green coffee beans.

Conclusion

If you would like to enjoy the best coffee flavor in the world, you should go for the coffee that is grown in regions with the best climatic conditions. The best coffee is also carefully grown and well prepared from the farm to the packaging.

Cold Brew VS Hot Brew Coffee

Cold Brew VS Hot Brew Coffee

Coffee is more popular than ever, and the variety of terms and brands can be intimidating and confusing. You may have heard of “hot brew” and “cold brew” coffees, but you might not have heard what the differences are, and which method is best for which kinds of coffee.

What Is Hot Brew Coffee?

light roast

Hot brew coffee is what most people think of when they think of coffee. Hot water is added to ground coffee (via pourover, French press, Keurig, etc) and dissolves part of the grind to give you an average strength coffee in a short amount of time. It’s perfect for when you’re in a rush, without any time to spare.

Brewing coffee hot gives you a lot of flavor, despite using a small amount of coffee grounds. Hot brew is a poor choice for highly acidic coffee, such as Kenyan coffee, as it tends to harm the flavor. However, it’s an excellent choice for naturally low-acid coffees, such as Brazilian or Colombian coffees.

What Is Cold Brew Coffee?

Cold brew coffee, also known as cold press, is the complete opposite. This method of brewing uses water that is room-temperature or chilled, rather than hot, and involves soaking the grounds for twenty or more hours before extraction. While it’s not going to be ready in a pinch, it can be rewarding if you plan ahead.

This slower brew pays off in the form of less acidity, thus better for coffees like Kenyan coffee. Having less acid means a more refreshing flavor, with about as much caffeine, though it uses more coffee grounds than hot brew.

Brazilian coffee brands pairs well with this brewing method, giving an exquisitely smooth flavor that is well worth the wait.

Conclusion

Whether you just want a cup with no hassle, or want to reap the benefits of patience, you can do so now with the knowledge of both cold brew and hot brew, and can choose your next purchase of coffee accordingly.

The Ins & Outs Of How To Grade Coffee Beans

The Ins & Outs Of How To Grade Coffee Beans

quality coffee beans

Coffee is the second most traded commodity on earth (right under crude oil), and is consumed by millions every day in America. It has been around for over eleven centuries, and has a history of being banned 3 different times.

Brazilian coffee beans make up about 1/3 of the world’s coffee. Most of those beans are what’s considered a commercial brand. Twenty five million people are employed by the coffee industry worldwide, because it is such a popular drink and is important for other uses as well.

Many people start their day with coffee, but they don’t know much about the drink itself. Have you ever wondered about the quality of your cup of Joe? Do you ever wonder what the grade of your coffee is, and if it matters?

Here, the coffee grading system is explained; we will thoroughly be explaining how to grade coffee beans but it is important to note that there is no official global grading system. Different varieties of beans are exported by different countries, and they can be graded as desired. There are certain aspects of the grading coffee beans systems that are similar, however, regardless of location.

Grading Criteria For Coffee Beans

Criteria to grading coffee beans includes, but is not limited to, the altitude of their growing region, the region they were grown in, the preparation method, shape, and color.

Grading also is dependent on detecting imperfections, if there are any. Additionally, the plant that produces the beans’ botanical variety can be a factor in grading.

The taste that the bean gives is taken into consideration as well. The characteristics of the flavor and “density” of taste are also noted.

In a batch of coffee beans, there are many types of defects that can be found. This can include unripe beans, bean shells, pest damaged beans, black beans, crushed beans, and much more.

Screening Method

The screening method for grading coffee been sounds simple, but takes a lot into consideration. Coffee gets graded by placing the sorted green, hulled beans over screens that have different sized holes.

The beans stay on each screen and are weighed. The percentage of the total is then recorded. After that, the coffee is then roasted and put in a cup, in order for the characteristics to be evaluated.

There is a theory that coffee beans grown at high altitudes are more dense and bigger, which leaves them with a better flavor profile. This theory is how the coffee screening method was established.

From this theory, it was deduced that there is a correlation between the size, density, and quality of the bean. Of course, there are exceptions to the theory, but the main objective is to produce beans that are uniform in size. This will produce an even roast and make a great cup of coffee.

Grade 1: Specialty Grade Coffee Beans

This is the highest grading for beans, and is associated with specialty coffees. There should be no inherent defects with this batch of beans.

There will also be no damage from insects. If defects do appear, there should be no more than three. These beans also have no “quakers”, which means beans that are unripe or poorly roasted.

Grade 2: Premium Grade Coffee Beans

This is what you are most likely drinking daily, and it is the second highest grade. These beans are similar to the coffee beans that are Grade 1, but they are allowed to have a maximum of three “quakers”, and no more than eight imperfections.

Grade 3: Exchange Grade Coffee Beans

These beans are allowed to have five “quakers”, which gives the coffee more bitterness. This grade of beans cannot have more than 13 defects, and must have no major faults.

Beans that sit between six to thirteen defects are classed as a Grade 2/3. Supermarket brands use this grade of beans for their coffees. This is also the grade for most Brazilian coffee beans.

Grade 4: Standard Grade Coffee Beans

This grade is given to most standard coffee beans. Per 300 grams, they can have 24-86 defects. This is not the best coffee to consume.

Grade 5: Off Grade Coffee Beans

These beans have 86 or more defects in a batch. This is coffee that you do not want to consume.

Grading Coffee Beans Conclusion

Now that you know this information, your morning cup of coffee may seem more special to you now. Its gone through a pageant-like process before getting to you, ensuring that you get the best of the best.

Coffee beans pass a series of tests and screenings so that you can enjoy your morning and get through the day easier. The coffee grading system is the perfect conversational topic for the next time that you share a cup with someone.

Which Coffee Brewing Method Is The Best: Auto Drip, French Press, Or Pour Over?

Which Coffee Brewing Method Is The Best: Auto Drip, French Press, Or Pour Over?

To some, coffee preparation is an art. Each method has its strengths and weaknesses, ranging from speed of preparation to accessibility of tools.

Below, you will learn about three three coffee brewing methods (auto drip, pour over, and French Press), and which coffees are suited to each preparation style.

#1. Auto Drip

Auto drip is the most commonly used coffee brewing method. In this method, a paper or metal filter is placed in the top of the brewing mechanism.

Once the coffee grounds are added, a button is pressed and the coffee brews, slowly dripping into a pot or cup.

Those using auto drip will usually need medium ground coffee. Auto drip machines with cone filtration systems are best suited for a fine grind, which is the best economical use of coffee beans.

However, flavor is often sacrificed with this coffee brewing method; the finer the bean, the more bitter the taste.

#3. French Press

yummy coffee

Since being invented in 1929, the French Press method has gained traction for rendering tasty, superior results consistently. This method soaks, steeps, and strains ground coffee in a press pot filled with hot water. The coffee bean’s essential oils diffuse into the coffee, giving a pure, strong, complex flavor.

For French Press users, the key is to pick high quality coffee beans that are ground roughly. High quality, freshly roasted beans, with nuanced flavors, will show off the capabilities of this brewing method.

Although any variety of coffee bean will do, this brewing method showcases unique beans, such as Liberica, a rare, lightly colored, irregularly sized bean with a smoky, woody, floral, fruity taste. You can use something like a Bodum French Press to aid in delivering that perfect mug of morning or afternoon boost you may be looking for.

#3. Pour Over

Pour over brewing is one of the quickest, cheapest, and oldest brewing methods with which to experiment. It involves pouring hot water over coffee grounds that are contained in a cone or filter.

These cones or filters can be plastic, glass, stainless steel, ceramic, or paper. Filter type and shape will influence coffee flavor. Gravity causes the brewed coffee to drip into a cup or pot.

Like the auto drip method, pour over is best suited to medium ground coffee beans of all varieties. Try a Brazilian bean, since they provide a soft, nutty flavor similar to bittersweet chocolate. It is a great low acid option.

Coffee Brewing Methods Conclusion

All three coffee brewing methods discussed above are relatively fast, easy, and accessible for novice users. Plus, they are compatible with many different types of coffee beans.

The most important factors are bean quality, and the size of the grind. With these factors in mind, anyone can make a great cup of coffee at home.

How Does Brazilian Coffee Compare To Other Coffees?

How Does Brazilian Coffee Compare To Other Coffees?

Almost a third of the world’s coffee is grown and produced in Brazil. This is due to the size of the country, and the elevation of the coffee plantations. There are several prime coffee growing regions in Brazil, however, the majority of coffee grown there is the higher-grade Arabica, which grows at a higher altitude.

Efforts by the Brazilian government have been made in order to change that image, to make Brazil one of the most premium specialty coffee producers.

Brazilian Coffee Flavor

brazilian coffee brands to enjoy

As the country grows and produces a number of different types of coffee beans, there is no one coffee that Brazil is known for. However, the flavor profile of Brazilian coffee beans tend to be nutty and sweet, with an overall low acidity, and sometimes with a bittersweet, chocolaty finish.

Brazilian coffee tends to be part of a number of coffee blends, as the medium body and smooth taste is able to balance out more intense coffee beans. Brazilian coffee is often dry processed, which gives it a more natural taste.

Brazilian Vs. Peruvian Or Costa Rican Coffee

The smooth flavor of Brazilian coffee has similarities with other coffees that have a simple complexity. For example, Peruvian coffee has a very simple, balanced flavor, and is also used in blends or coffees that are flavored with oils.

However, the acidity of Peruvian coffee is higher, so you will taste more citrus than in Brazilian coffee. Costa Rican coffee, on the other hand, tends to have a heavier body, and has a lot more acidity than both Brazilian and Peruvian coffees.

Brazilian Vs. African Coffee

Africa is known for exotic coffees, and the dry processing often gives the beans a cherry flavor. African coffees are very bold bodied, compared to Brazilian coffees, though they possess a sweet characteristic.

Some African coffees contain floral notes, or fruity overtones. Where Brazilian coffees are smooth and unassuming, African coffees are described as juicy, compared to Brazilian coffee’s chocolate notes.

Brazilian Vs. Asian Coffee

Where Brazilian coffees are smooth and easy to drink, the coffee produced by countries within the Asia-Pacific region are known for their strong flavors and bold, spicy tones.

Indian coffees are known for their robusta beans, full of cardamom and cinnamon notes with a smooth, mild finish, whereas Java coffees are known for their syrupy body and cocoa flavors.

Sumatran coffees, on the other hand, are deeply complex, due to their wet-processing and harvesting technique, often harvested for most of the year.

Conclusion

Brazilian coffee may be common, but their specialty coffee is certainly a flavor to behold. Brazil’s coffees make up most of the blends found worldwide, and the mildness and low acidity make for a pleasant, delicious experience.

Next time you enter a hole-in-the-wall coffee shop, be sure to sample some of the best that Brazil has to offer. You might be pleasantly surprised!

How Brazilian Coffee Plants Are Grown

How Brazilian Coffee Plants Are Grown

Brazil is the largest producer and exporter of coffee in the entire world. Over the years, the country has produced about a third of the world’s coffee. In fact, the country is unrivaled in the production of green coffee, arabica, and instant coffee.

For instance, in 2011, Brazil produced 2.7 million tons, more than twice the amount produced by Vietnam (which is the second largest producer). However, what makes Brazil lead in the production of coffee globally?

Climate

Besides having a good climate, cultivation and production of coffee in Brazil are the main factors that make the country the largest producer.

Normally, coffee is grown on plantations, in areas with ideal growing conditions. This makes it easier for farmers to cultivate, produce and harvest the coffee produced.

There are about 220,000 coffee farms in the country, with plantations covering about 27,000 km of the entire country. Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Rondonia, Bahia, Espirito Santo, and Parana are the six largest states that produce coffee.

After tending the coffee plants for months, they are picked during the dry seasons, June to September, before processing the berries. This means that professional expertise is used in these plantations to treat diseases, and grow and harvest berries throughout the year.

Therefore, a high level of expertise, skills, and professionalism facilitates the high production of coffee in Brazil.

Comparison To Other Countries

Coffee Heart Health

On the other hand, although other countries have plantations, coffee is produced individually. If you own a piece of land and you are willing to grow coffee plants, you can produce coffee.

This is not an effective method of coffee production, because most peasant farmers do not possess the skills, experience, and equipment needed to produce coffee.

As a result, most countries end up producing quantities of low quality coffee. However, some countries have professional coffee farmers who have dedicated their lives and resources to produce coffee, either for export or local consumption.

Conclusion

In Brazil, there are no taxes for coffee exports, although importing coffee, especially green and roasted coffee, will require that a tax is paid.

It is evident that ideal weather conditions, vast lands, and a high level of expertise on coffee plantations are some of the reasons why Brazil is the leading coffee exporter in the world.

6 Incredible Health Benefits Of Coffee!

6 Incredible Health Benefits Of Coffee!

Grabbing that cup of coffee in the morning offers more benefits to your health and wellness than anyone could have imagined. It has steadily been proven to limit, reduce, and eradicate more than a fair share of major disease, illness, and disorders.

Three pleasant side effects are an overall feeling of happiness, more energy, and a more alert mentality. Now THAT is a great way to start your day!

Before you dive deep into this article, keep in mind we keep Jiale Coffee updated on a daily basis with in-depth coffee reviews and more!

 

Brain Health

 

Healthy systems with coffee

 

Science Daily reported in a 2012 study that moderate drinking of coffee not only reduced the risk factors for Parkinson’s Disease, but actually showed a reduction in motion problems with those already suffering with it.

This was the first test performed on human subjects and it showed a significantly positive result. It has been determined that coffee reduces the risk and delays onset for up to four years.

Concentration and focus are honed with mild to moderate amounts of caffeine in the system, which is also why many college students carry a cup of java faithfully during final exam weeks.

 

Weight Loss

 

Green coffee supplements

 

Drinking coffee can boost your metabolic rate for limited amounts of time. Eventually, your body will get used to the caffeine and the effects will wear off, but it can be a great way to kick-start a diet.

One benefit that never seems to wear thin is the slight decrease in appetite, felt after consuming a cup. Limit the amount of sugar and it can help in your weight loss journey.

Green coffee supplements have been shown to increase weight loss, despite a normal diet.

 

Sports Performance

 

Oru kayaking

 

Most athletes and fitness gurus have taken notice of the increased vascular capabilities created by drinking coffee. It can allow for a more rigorous performance and workout. Moderate use tends to help improve overall endurance.

For instance, kayakers would do well with it before they head out on the water for a nice workout. They could put together their kayak much faster with all that mental clarity, energy, and alertness.

Caffeine allows for an increased level of amino acids in the blood, which helps the body break down the fats needed for energy. It provides the perfect atmosphere for optimal muscle building and performance.

 

Reduces Heart Disease

Coffee Heart Health

 

The infusion of antioxidants to the body, and the increase in vascular activity can effectively reduce your risk of heart disease. Light to moderate amounts of coffee is recommended by the National Institutes of Health to promote a healthy, even heart rhythm.

The key to the use of caffeine is to not go overboard. There is a point at which the body begins to act in an erratic manner.

Two to four cups per day is the suggested amount for the average person. The strength of the coffee is also a factor, so it’s best to realize your limits and not go over that.

 

Protects The Liver

 

Coffee good for the liver

 

There was a study that tested coffee drinkers that partook in at least one cup of coffee per day, and how this affected liver diseases, such as cirrhosis.

There were 125,000 participants over the age of 22. Those that were heavy drinkers were found to have a 20 percent less chance of developing cirrhosis, due to the intake of coffee.

It was also shown to reduce the incidences of non-alcohol related cirrhosis, also known as fatty liver disease.

 

Lessens Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

 

Drinking coffee lowers diabetes risk

 

There is more and more proof, over time, that type 2 diabetes can be controlled and eradicated by a healthy diet. A study by the American Chemical Society showed that people ingesting four or more cups of coffee each day were more than 50 percent less likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

Each added cup reduced the statistics by seven percent more.

 

Conclusion

 

Drinking coffee at the office

 

If there were ever great reasons to bring back coffee breaks to the office, this might be a few of the best yet. Now you can indulge in your caffeinated drink of choice, and know that it is actually doing your body good.

However, sugar does the opposite, so try to drink it black, or with Stevia or Monkfruit sweeteners, which are natural and not chemicals. You will only reap the rewards after that!